Châteauroux, on the banks of the Indre river, is the préfecture (chief town) of the Indre département and the main town in the Lower Berry region. It boasts a wealth of places of interest including Saint-Martin gate, a vestige of ancient fortifications; pretty medieval streets (Rue de l'Indre, Rue de la Vieille Prison and Rue Grande); a 13th-century former convent, the Couvent des Cordeliers, today home to temporary contemporary art exhibitions; the elegant Château Raoul; and the Neo-Romanesque Notre-Dame church whose dome is topped by a gilt bronze statue of the Virgin.
Also not to be missed in the Musée-Hôtel Bertrand, an 18th-century mansion that once belonged to General Bertrand, Napoleon's comrade-in-arms and is today home to a collection of Napoleonic souvenirs and fine art.
The small town of Déols on the outskirts of Châteauroux is a must-visit place for architecture fans because of its splendid Romanesque bell tower, the remains of an ancient Benedictine abbey.
Every August, the town of Châteauroux hosts the Darc festival, a multicultural event featuring music shows and dance courses.
Located in the Centre region, the city is Châteauroux Prefecture of Indre. It is twinned with Gütersloh (Germany), Olsztyn (Poland) and Bittou (Burkina Faso).
Its history is intimately linked with that of Deols. Around 937, the lord of the nearby city built a fortress on the left bank of the Indre. It is the Chateau Raoul. A city of artisans and merchants will develop on its premises and will soon name Châteauroux by contraction.
With its strategic location at the edge of Aquitaine, Chateau Raoul and the Kings of France and England are going to dispute the possession until the 13th century. It was the Revolution that Châteauroux will become the chief of the department.
In the early 19th century, the city became industrialized (tobacco, textiles ...) and the railway arrived in 1847.
The plant installed in 1936 Aviation Deols then the implementation of a major U.S. base between 1951 and 1967 will invigorate the city and contribute to its development.
The historical heart of Châteauroux retains many testimonies of the medieval times: rue de l'Indre, rue Grande, Saint-Martial church, Porte Saint-Martin, convent des Cordeliers...
The 18th century is superbly represented by the Hotel Bertrand, a private mansion that belonged to General Henri-Gatien Bertrand, the faithful companion in arms of Napoleon, whom he followed to St. Helena. The Maison du Berry, a museum of popular arts and traditions, presents elements of traditional Berry art.
The churches Saint-André and Notre-Dame, the guitardes of the city center testify among others to the architecture of the nineteenth century.
Equinoxe, Scène Nationale is a brilliant contemporary achievement.
The Musee-Hotel Bertrand (works from the Gallo-Roman period, Napoleonic souvenirs, Flemish and Dutch paintings from the 15th to the 18th century...) as well as the Couvent des Cordeliers (former Franciscan convent of the 13th century, It now houses temporary exhibitions of contemporary art).
After obtaining the label 4 flowers, Châteauroux is part of the Association of Parks and Gardens. The town is crossed by the river Indre, itself bordered by green areas forming a green flow. The Public Garden is the flagship of the municipal gardens offering different atmospheres and creative landscapes. The Daniel Bernardet leisure park (Belle-Isle) with its lake is sporting (fishing, swimming, water sports on the lake, playgrounds, walks and relaxation in the green spaces).