Cannes is located in the heart of the French Riviera to the east, just 27 km from Nice Côte d'Azur Airport and west, 4.5 km from Cannes-Mandelieu airport which has the assignment of general aviation and business tourism. Bordered to the south by sandy beaches, surrounded Cannes north of municipalities and villages such as Le Cannet, La Roquette-sur-Siagne, Mougins and Vallauris.
The Greek historian Polybius, who lived in the second century BC speaks of a city: Aegyptna, destroyed by the Romans. Some "historians" Cannes willing to acquire illustrious ancestors have located Cannes. Specialists now agree to reject this location. In fact we do not know where she was. What we know is that here in early history, the first "tourists" were the Ligurian. It is they who probably settled on the promontory (Suquet today). They built a fortified camp: an oppidum. From their viewpoint they watched their fellows who had, too, fortified on the rocky hill which is now Fort Vauban, on Sainte-Marguerite Island.
At the top of the city was a fortified post called Roman Castrum (current name Castre). In the year 1000, the monks of Lerins become owners. The monks to protect against Saracens begin the construction of the Tower and ramparts. 900 at the end of the fifteenth, the history of Le Suquet is closely linked to the Monastery although in 1447, the city turns into a municipality. The monks let go their hold a little obedience cons, but are still very present.
Rue Saint Antoine, is one of the oldest streets Cannes, it had 40 merchants. In 1500, the old city contained no stairs, the streets were all sloping channel with the environment in which sewage and rubbish were thrown. In the nineteenth, big remediation, destruction of houses in ruin... Today, the Rue Saint Antoine is a mecca of local gastronomy.
It is through unforeseen circumstances that Cannes became a winter resort; in effect to stop a cholera epidemic, drastic measures were imposed by the city of Nice to travelers heading to Italy. In November 1834 the sedan English Chancellor Lord Brougham, was immobilized Var Bridge. Unable to go to Genoa, the Chancellor turned around to the small city of Cannes, stopped at Pinchinat hotel to spend the night. The beauty of the place and the kindness of Indigenous led him to stay longer. He was not to leave again, he lived in Cannes 34 years and had to die at the age of 90 in 1868. Thanks to him, the site became a place Cannes highlight of the English colony. From that date, Cannes began to feel the benefits of implementing a British colony wintering and progress of trade with wealthier earthly relationships outward. In 1871, it exceeded 10 000, becoming the second city of the district of Grasse. The impetus was given, in 1870 there were in the city, equipped with sewers, gas lighting and drinking water, 215 villas, 34 hotels and several religious buildings of various denominations. The elite German, Russian, Swiss had followed the example of the UK, and Prosper Mérimée, who had come to Cannes as inspector of historic monuments, made discover the "gentry" the charms of the city.
The Lérins Islands: A short distance from La Croisette, facing the Bay of Cannes, the Lérins Islands welcome you. In an idyllic setting where nature is preserved, this Mediterranean jewel offer visitors a unique collection combines flora and fauna and a unique history mixing the mysteries of the Iron Mask with the tranquility of the Cistercian monks, a haven of peace. Everything here invites discovery.