At 450 meters high, comfortably sheltered from the foothills of the Livradois granitic among the oldest in France, the town consists of the common Sauxillanges with forty hamlets some reaching up to 650 meters. The clay valley that extends north, following the withdrawal of the waters that drowned the Auvergne before the arrival of man, still retains traces of the many ponds that punctuated.
While the water causes the cities, while rarely a river has borne his name so that the Water Mother, as she seems deeply linked to Sauxillanges. On its shores that the Gauls have gradually built around the Gallo-Roman head of Celsus and the small town which became much more later "Vialle" in Sauxillanges.
In the 10th century, twelve monks from the Abbey of Cluny working to develop the influence of the monastery on the region's heritage while increasing dramatically, thereby justifying his place among the "oldest daughters of Cluny.
After (despite) the revolution and the dispersal of monastic lands, the economic life never ceased to flourish until the late eighteenth. It was then over twenty mills along the creeks that energy channeled through the mill pond which was used to Sauxillanges number of craftsmen, potters of the tanner via wainwrights founder bell??
Today, shops, artisans and even many professionals on the town generate significant activity. Thus we find represented on the territory of the town all kinds of services, health, postal, banking, administrative??, Building contractors of all trades, restaurants, bars, shops of all kinds: food, appliances, press??
Bases of the first Gallo-Roman, century after century, an imposing monastery took shape, complete with fortifications protecting the village from enemy incursions. The layout of the walls is still identifiable, but more spectacular, the monastic buildings which seem to defy time. Despite the destruction and transformation, the heart of Sauxillanges is still in the chamber built by the monks cloister, hotels, chapter house, refectory, surrounding places of Liberty and eight in May, on which stands the old chapel Prior, transformed into a museum and exhibition hall. The main entrance of the village is dominated by a magnificent castle of the late seventeenth, the parish church of the twelfth, richly decorated houses, among other windows telling the story of Sauxillanges. Many details are different architectures and to find in the village through small circuits marked baptized "randonnettes. The longer rides on them we discover the landscape around Sauxillanges.