Located in the 1st district of Paris, on the island of the City, the Court House of Paris housed until June 2018 the High Court, the Court of Appeal, and the Court of Cassation. It is surrounded by the Sainte-Chapelle and the 36 quai des Orfèvres which houses the regional director of the judicial police of Paris.
Former Curia regis from which came the Parliament of Paris and all the old and current sovereign jurisdictions, it takes place since its origins in the Palace of the City, residence and seat of power of the kings of France between the tenth and fourteenth century. Some vestiges remain, like the great room with its kitchen, the Conciergerie which sadly welcomed Louis XVI, Marie-Antoinette and their children, the Sainte-Chapelle, or several towers.
Under the Restoration, the Palace of Justice takes on a new political dimension, with a new interest in judicial affairs by Louis XVIII and Charles X.