Commune of Hauts-de-France, Nœux-les-Mines takes place in the department of Pas-de-Calais, about thirty kilometers of Arras. It is located in the arrondissement of Béthune, six kilometers away, and benefits from a railway service thanks to the Arras-Dunkerque line.
It was called Vitris in the 4th century and took its present name, Noewe, in the 10th century, following its destruction by the Normans. A former property of the province of Artois, it was then known for its agricultural activities or for its breweries and sweets. The term "mines" will be attached to it after the discovery of coal in the mid-nineteenth century.
As the pits were all closed in the second half of the 20th century, the town of Nœux-les-Mines is today more oriented towards tourism, offering a rich and interesting heritage.