The village lies on the Côte des Blancs, Champagne prestigious site. It has a vineyard of 270 hectares, which represents nearly 40% of the total territory.
The municipality extends from west to east about 5 km with an average width of 1.5 km.
In the West the mounting Avize rises to 248 meters at a place called "Wood Mill".
Replaces the existing wooded area covered by pastures sheep and cattle for centuries. Exploitation of clay there are only a few small ponds.
To the east overlooking the plain of Champagne, Côte d'Avize down abruptly with a steep slope of about 25% over a distance of 300 meters.
There are traces of prehistoric occupation of the site whose menhir "Haute Borne" historical monument since 1887.
The Gauls and the Romans established camps observation and first inhabitants settled on the upper side of the mountain.
In the 12th century, Avize was a small fortress surrounded by walls and ditches. In the Middle Ages, the city was fortified by walls, ramparts northern rampart du Midi.
In 1590 during the War of the League, the Church of St. Nicolas was burned. In 1632, a fire destroyed half of the town.
In 1719, the city walls were demolished by the Earl of Hery lord of Avize to punish the people who did not pay the feudal dues.
With the discovery of Champagne Dom Pérignon, Avize began to change.
In the early 19th century, was an important town Avize which brought together more than 1600 people.
The city of beautiful homes then enriched wine as Desbordes castle currently owned by the municipality.
The village first confined between the ancient walls extended to the station with the arrival of the railway and more recently on the other side of the road D9 with the creation of several subdivisions.
Avize today provides its inhabitants essential public services, firefighters, post office, treasury, police and health services: nursing homes, doctors, pharmacies, dentists, nurses, physiotherapists, speech therapists, pedicure.
There are educational institutions: wine school, apprenticeship training center, college, school, nursery, crèche and leisure centers and sports library, home associations, gymnasium, stadium, football and tennis courts.
The shops are present: bakery, butcher, grocery, beauty parlors, tobacco, newspapers, hairdressers, florists, garages, cafe, pizzeria, laundry, wine shops and various services (banks, notary, surveyor).
One hundred independent growers formed a cooperative or exploit this renowned vineyard, producing and selling a champagne "blanc de blancs" world famous. There are vineyards and vendangeoirs very large brands such as Mumm, Moët et Chandon, Roederer, Veuve Clicquot Ponsardin, Lanson ... The Trading and Cooperatives are also represented.
With this level of equipment high Avize is important town of the Côte des Blancs, which gives it an attractive power with neighboring municipalities and enabling it to host a larger population.