Located in the Regional Natural Park of the Pyrenees.
magdalénien site, known and recognized, Alliat, according to legend was occupied by the Saracens and served as a refuge during the Albigensian war.
The barony of Alliat, which included the Alliat communities Génat, Lapège and Niaux, was a lordship of the largest and oldest of the High Ariege.
Cave of the Vache said Caugno instead of the Basques: one of the richest deposits excavated in the Pyrenees; Many objects decorated bone and wood Deer. Monique room: encampment intact prehistoric hunters (paintings, tools, home to traces).
fortified cave "Spoulga of Alliat ': 100 m from the cave of the Cow. Map and description in "village Monographs Sabarthès" Florence Guillot, 1999.