Small village Larzac 99 inhabitants located in the heart of Regional Natural Park of Grands Causses, 800 meters above sea level in the South Aveyron.
The tower is part of Viala-du-Pas-de-Jaux a set of 5 sites (Santa Eulalia, La Couvertoirade The Cavalry, St. John of Alcas) enrolled in a program of recovery Larzac Templar Hospital.
Originally, Le Viala was a farmhouse. His fate changed in the mid 12th century when it was given to the Templars. The Knights of St. Eulalia de Cernon built there a patch to protect the area. When the Hospitallers took possession of the Temple after 1312, they decided to create a place in this village and construct buildings of a farm. They raise them to the house in 1315 and the Knights built a church dedicated to St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of the Hospitallers. Then around 1430, the Hospital built there with a square tower that works to restore, since 1982, a combination of backup.
Tower Hospital: Top 30 yards, rectangular building of the 15th century included a cellar on the ground floor, kitchen and four-storey granary used to store the fees paid by residents of Viala. A main building, flanked by a round tower, is in its extension. At its peak, a walkway has been constructed. From the top of the tower, now restored and available, you can discover the diverse landscapes of Larzac. Many lavognes (small depressions used for drinking) clay or crushed stone are visible nearby.
The church is in 1315 that the Hospital requesting the Bishop of Rodez permission to build a church dedicated to St. John the Baptist in the locality of Viala. The construction of a church is also a way to permanently fix the people on this site in order to create a village "Le Viala Pas de Jaux. In the last century one could still see the church built in 1315, built entirely of stone bleached beautiful inside. It will be completely destroyed in 1873.
The Oustalou of Fadarellas: the house of fairies - dolmen whose table is 4 50 m long.
The Armalières: natural cavities, old cheese cellar.
Mas Baldy: old fortified house with an entrance under portico.
During the summer, participate in events: the Summertime Larzac Days Children, shows, concerts ...
The Tower Room hosts throughout the year numerous exhibitions on various topics.
ATTRACTIONS, LEISURES AND ACTIVITES AROUND
The Tourist Office offers many tours to discover the territory. Here's an example: "On the road of the Templars and Hospitallers"
Start your day enjoying the magnificent panorama that gives you the Saint Paul circus of Fonts! From this height, you can enjoy the breathtaking view of Fort St. Jean Alcas, Cistercian gem that deserves a stop on your itinerary. The walled enclosure of a harmonious regularity, was a refuge for peasants and their livestock in an emergency. After a visit of about 1 hour, keep your day towards Viala-du-Pas-de-Jaux.
By the D559 up Tournemire and take a right on the D23 direction Viala-du-Pas-de-Jaux. On the road, you can see on the board a lavogne, fed naturally designed to collect rainwater to water the herds of "muttons" (sheep).
The Viala-du-Pas-de-Jaux and monumental tower will welcome you for a break discovery. Vivid illustration of the role of agropastoral Larzac plateau, Viala-du-Pas-de-Jaux tower was built in the 15th century, next to the ancient buildings of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, to secure the people, their property and their animals. Branch Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon.
By the D23 direction Hospitalet Larzac Cougouille to peak and then back to the fork and take the D561 to Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon. Along the way, the magnificent panorama of the Larzac Cougouille since the peak is well worth a detour. Leave your car down and then walk a few minutes to reach the summit. Made a U-turn and go towards the Templar Commandery of Saint-Eulalie-de-Cernon the best preserved in France. In his past of medieval fortified Santa Eulalia has retained most of its walls, towers, gates and his church. On the square, opposite the Commandery, you can cool shade around the fountain erected in the 17th century and discover the beautiful Romanesque church party.