At 15 minutes from Montpellier and all the beaches, is among Pignan Garrigues and plains. A village full of charm ... breathing the good life!
As its history ... Is rich and turbulent past of the city Pignan ...
The Gallo Roman ruins Many (including burial) of the time. But it is also the period in which appear "Villae, these large rural areas, which then cover the flat portion that extends on both sides of the Domitian. Pignan is also probably the origin of its name to one of these great Roman Gallo owners.
Pignan the 11th and 12th Centuries: Towards the year 1000, Pignan comes in the form of a Castrum, ie a place with a castle and fortified walls. This is the current Fort Viel. In the late 14th century, the village, as the barony of Montpellier whole, came under the sovereignty of the king of France.
The transformations of the 14th century: After the plague, depopulation is the burning of its suburbs (ie outside the ramparts of Fort Viel) that the village knew. In 1386, an agreement is reached: the genesis of a new Pignan, protected by walls whose new Clock Tower is one of the main ruins.
Wars of Religion: The Reformation, with some success to Pignan. The village has its church reformed supported by the lords who have become Protestants. Religious wars are raging Pignan then. After the Edict of Nantes in 1598, Protestants gave their first temple. The revolt of 1621 - 1622 is a period of atrocities in the village. The church will again demolished the castle of St Martin burnt after looting. But the victory of the royal troops leads to many inconveniences for the Huguenots, and particularly the loss of the right of the consulate, the confiscation of their temple which will become, for nearly fifty years, parish church, before being Penitents chapel. The whole community suffers the punishment, since the walls of the village will be demolished on the orders of Louis XIII in 1625. It will take 27 years (1652) that the king allows the construction of walls simple. Pignan The church was built in 1670.
The Revolution and the Hundred Days: These are periods of violence where both parties succeed in hostile power at the mercy of events, oppressing one another. A political assassination in 1792 was followed by looting the castle by popular elements from Montpellier.
Do not miss:
The castle of Turenne and cellars: created from 1673. Besides the beautiful staircase, visitors will be struck by the basement that allegedly was in general medieval times. In fact for the most part, they date from the 17th and 18th century. Only a massive wall in a regular camera, is a vestige of walls built in 1386 that found outside the castle.
The square tower (also called Tower Fort Viel).
The chapel of the Penitents, whose cornerstone dated 1672.
The clock tower, the door is a fortified walls still new in 1386 ...
Burton Homes and Jourdan.
The Abbey Vignogoul. Female monastery in texts dating from 1150 but certainly before the deadline. In the mid 12th century, their lords are revealed as the protectors and benefactors of the sisters. The primitive community depends on the bishop. It reached its apogee in the 13th century, both the number of nuns - limited to 40 by the Papacy - that the extent of their field scattered in many municipalities of the current Hérault. The wars of religion (in particular) are severe blows to the abbey. The sisters eventually moved to Montpellier. She no longer than a few when the inventory of 1789, the abbey was sold as national property.