Village Larzac about 100 inhabitants located in the heart of the Regional Natural Park of Grands Causses, 800 meters above sea level in the south Aveyron.
Viala-du-Pas-de-Jaux tower is part of a set of five locations (Sainte Eulalie, Couvertoirade, The Cavalry, Saint-Jean d'Alcas) enrolled in a program to develop the Larzac Templar Hospital.
Originally, Le Viala was a farmhouse. His destiny changed in the mid-12th century when it was given to the Knights Templar. Knights of Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon there built a motte to protect the area. When the Hospitallers take possession of the Temple after 1312, they decided to create a place in town and this construct buildings of a farm. They raise for them in 1315 and the home of the Knights built a church dedicated to St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of the Hospital. Then around 1430, the Hospitallers built there a square tower that works to restore, since 1982, an association of backup.
Tower Hospital: Top 30 yards, rectangular building of the 15th century included a cellar on the ground floor, kitchen and four-storey granary used to store the fees paid by residents of Viala. A main building, flanked by a round tower, is in its extension. At its peak, a walkway has been constructed. From the top of the tower, now restored and available, you can discover the diverse landscapes of Larzac. Many lavognes (small depressions used for drinking) clay or crushed stone are visible nearby.
The church is in 1315 that the Hospital requesting the Bishop of Rodez permission to build a church dedicated to St. John the Baptist in the locality of Viala. The construction of a church is also a way to permanently fix the people on this site in order to create a village "Le Viala Pas de Jaux. In the last century one could still see the church built in 1315, built entirely of stone bleached beautiful inside. It will be completely destroyed in 1873.
The Oustalou of Fadarellas: the house of fairies - dolmen whose table is 4 50 m long.
The Armalières: natural cavities, old cheese cellar.
Mas Baldy: old fortified house with an entrance under portico.
During the summer, participate in the activities: the Summertime Larzac Days Children, shows, concerts ...
The Tower room is open throughout the year numerous exhibitions on various themes.
Heritage Days in September.
ATTRACTIONS, LEISURES AND ACTIVITES AROUND
The Tourist Office offers many tours to discover the territory: Remember, you are in an area classified by UNESCO in 2011 for the Agro-pastoralism.
On the Road of the Templars and Hospitallers (80.5 km advised over two days):
Start your day admiring the beautiful panorama offered by the circus of St. Paul of Fonts! From this height, you can enjoy the breathtaking view of the fort of Saint-Jean d'Alcas small Cistercian gem worth a stop on your itinerary. The walled enclosure of a harmonious regularity, was a refuge for farmers and their herds in case of danger. After about 1 hour visit, continue your day towards the Viala-du-Pas-de-Jaux.
By the D559 to Tournemire and turn right by the D93 direction Viala-du-Pas-de-Jaux. On the road, you can see the edge of a lavogne, natural fed for collecting rainwater for herds of "muttons" (sheep) to drink.
The Viala-du-Pas-de-Jaux and his monumental tower will welcome you to discover break. Vivid illustration of the agropastoral Larzac plateau, Viala-du-Pas-de-Jaux tower was built in the 15th century, next to the ancient buildings of the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem, to secure the people, their property and animals. Head in the direction of Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon.
For the D23 towards l'Hospitalet du Larzac to peak Cougouille then return to the fork and take the D561 to Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon. Along the way, the beautiful view of the Larzac since the peak of Cougouille well worth a detour. Leave your car at the bottom and walk a few minutes to reach the top. Turn around and go to the Templar Commandery of Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon best preserved in France. Its past medieval fortified town, Sainte-Eulalie has retained most of its walls, towers, gates and church. On the square, facing the commander, you can cool around the shaded fountain erected in the 17th century and discover the beautiful partly Romanesque church.
Follow directions Cavalry by D77 and the D227 and D999. Arrived at the Cavalry, another site Templar Hospital, browse the streets of the city and go to the ramparts for a remarkable view. Continue your tour to discover now the valley side.
Leave the Cavalry towards Nant by D999. At the end of the Cavalry, on your left, the Larzac military camp, the subject of the fight in 1971. The Ministry of Defence (M.Debré) officially announced the extension of the military camp, a hundred farms were to disappear or be amputated. Farmers then engage in a fight that will last 10 years, a resistor which is organized with support from all walks of life.
Arriving at Nant Valley side you are now, Dourbie Valley. This charismatic little village is rich in Romanesque art.
Just before leaving the village, turn right direction "La Couvertoirade". Then turn right onto the D7 and then left onto the D55. Reached Couvertoirade, take the time to discover this village classified as "most beautiful villages in France". The Templar and Hospitaller city reflects a cultural richness, its Templar castle (historical monument). The Templar castle was built in the late 12th century on the rocky outcrop of the village. Its mission, until the construction of the walls in the 15th century, has been to protect the villagers in case of attack, evidenced by its Barbican, this primitive enclosure as well as the remains of a gatehouse, located above his front door. The fortifications, the city of La Couvertoirade retains all of its walls, built in the mid 15th century. From 1346, the "road" plunder the Larzac. It is fear of the gangs that villagers in 1439 asking permission to fortify the village.
After this stop in La Couvertoirade, join the road turning on your right, follow the D7 to the village of Cornus. You are now on the side of the valley of the Sorgue.
Management Fondamente by D7.
By D93, go to St. Beaulize on the Larzac plateau. Enjoy craft beer, the Caussenarde and all their dairy farm brewery Mas Andral.
Join Saint-Paul-des-Fonts, and your circle will be closed!
Heritage buildings in the Valley of the Sorgue (43 km circuit):
Here we go, the circuit starts at Viala-du-Pas-de-Jaux and monumental tower welcomes you to discover break. Vivid illustration of the agropastoral Larzac plateau, Viala-du-Pas-de-Jaux tower was built in the 15th century, next to the ancient buildings of the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem, to secure the people, their property and animals.
Management Tournemire, the D23.
Then join Saint-Jean-d'Alcas, website Templar Hospital, the D23. Turn right onto the D23 then at the roundabout take the 3rd exit and continue on the D23. Turn right onto the D559 and then turn left onto the D93. Take a slight right onto the D516 and also slightly to the right of the D516E. Fortified medieval village in the 15th century belonging to the Cistercian Abbess Nonenque. Remarkable for its recovered by restoring heritage harmony. The fort offers visitors today in the design of the fifteenth. Surrounded by powerful walls that protect the village knows a revival thanks to tourism. To see the fortified church, the stained glass windows.
By D516 join Saint-Félix-de-Sorgue. Arrived in Saint-Félix-de-Sorgue, admire the bridge back asymmetrical donkey called "Pont des Anglais". It is about 70 m and includes three arches: the first, which is the largest, dominates the left bank, the second opening of 12.20 m spans the active river bed and the last, smallest, plays a role the flying buttress. It is possible that during the Sorgue has moved from the first to the second arch. Now, up to the castle of Latour-sur-Sorgue.
For the D516 and D7. Built on a rocky promontory, bounded on the south by the Sorgue, flowing below, and to the north by the ravine of Rose, the castle succeeded a Roman oppidum. The sandstone of the tour you can explore its evolution, where each time the farthest to the newest leaves its mark. Today communal property, the castle is part of the chain "Route of the Lords of Rouergue" which brings together the medieval castles of Aveyron.
Continue in the direction of Saint-Maurice-de-Sorgue by D7. The bridge of Saint-Maurice is 61 m long with eight semicircular arches, which means the three main river bed or right side and closer to five times to reach, avoiding the donkey, the left bank, the less steep right bank and make a flying buttress. It dates from the 18th century.
Continue towards Cornus (D7) to visit the castle Sorgue. The owners offer you to make you discover during a guided tour. It dates back to the year one thousand and has retained its medieval character. Reservations recommended at +33 5 65 97 50 21.
The Larzac lavognes (56 km circuit): Throughout this course you will discover the lavognes at each stop.
A lavogne (or Lavagne) is for watering herds that graze on the Larzac. They are nearly circular ponds. By definition, they are artificial but yet it is very rare that they are dug in their entirety. Most of the time it comes to natural hollow redesigned: the fund is sometimes paved, and it is still sealed (usually clay) to hold water as long as possible. The lavognes part of the cultural heritage.
Start your tour of La Couvertoirade website Templar and Hospitaller ranked "most beautiful villages in France". Head to the end of the village towards the south gate and turn left onto the lavogne.
At the end of Couvertoirade, turn right and continue on the D55. Then turn left on D7, join the Blaquererie.
Turn left on D7 and then at the roundabout take the 2nd exit onto the D809 in the direction of L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac.
Join the Cavalry by the D809.
Then towards Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon by the D999 and turn left by the D277. On the right, the D77. Enjoy this stop to visit the Reptile Larzac or practice vélorail.
Take the direction of the D561 and turn right on the D23 and join Viala Pas de Compiegne.
Turn right onto the D23. Arrived at the roundabout, take the 3rd exit still the D23. Turn right onto the D559 and then left on the D93. Then take a slight right onto the D516 and also slightly to the right of the D516E, you get to St-Jean-d'Alcas to finish your course.