Vagnas is occupied by humans for 280,000 years due to the presence of sources, land of hunting and gathering, and arable land. The village is located in the path of communication channels (drailles Neolithic way for Greek goods from the Rhone to the Cevennes, Roman way of Antoninus Pius Alba-Nîmes ...). We identified the location of several Gallo-Roman villas in the area. A priory founded in the tenth century, the Monastier, whose ruins are located north of the village was visited by many pilgrims in the Middle Ages. The Battle of Vagnas in 1702, which saw the defeat of John Cavalier, head of the Camisards, marks the beginning of the victory of the royal troops Catholics in the Cevennes. In the nineteenth century, sericulture provides wealth of the country and justifies the presence of large homes, raising silkworms in effect requiring much space. The invention of synthetic silk and silk imports Far East in the late fifties mark the end of this activity.