Salernes village of Haut Var, is known since the early 19th century for its production of red hexagonal tiles called "floor tile". Originally, the village was based on an agricultural economy. It produced oil, wine, figs, wheat, beans, melons and peaches. It was also silk mills, factories of hats and coarse cloths. From the late 18th century, the inhabitants of Salernes began to exploit the wealth of local resources to improve their standard of living as a farmer. Thus from the 1830s, dozens of small workshops were created on the territory: manufacturer of tiles, bricks, pipes, and pottery Malons utilities, for local needs. However, the exceptional quality of the clay deposits of Salernes - ferruginous red clay - has pushed manufacturers Salernes to specialize in the manufacture of a single product: the malon hexagonal red floor tile called.