On the D1, halfway between Bellac and Châteauponsac, Rancon is built on a promontory overlooking the left bank of the Gartempe. At the last census in March 2005, the municipality had 542 inhabitants (up from 1999 to 518 inhabitants), an area of 3161 hectares.
The prehistoric remains, discoveries Gallo-Roman monuments from the 11th and 12th centuries are witnesses of a rich past. The Gallic city to the present, history is made of Rancon rise and fall. The Middle Ages is undoubtedly the best period. Rancon being a capital of archpriest, the second largest in the area and the number of parishes (84) of the diocese of Limoges, the lords of Rancon reigning for 253 years on a rich heritage and extending its influence to the Charente Maritime (Taillebourg) or Vienna (Gençay).
The currently visible monuments: the church (XII, XIV, XVI), the Chapel of St. Sebastian Chapel St. Sulpice, the lantern of the dead (XII), the door of an old Renaissance house (circa 1780), the old bridge (XI, XII), the base of the unit cell is large Gallo-Roman at 200 m north of the bridge, a monumental testament to the hollowed portion of the Roman road Agen (Aginnum) - Bourges (Avaricum) from Limoges (Augustoritum) and Rancon (Roncomagus) the viaduct.
The setting is picturesque rivers (Gartempe, Semmes, Couze) are fish. It was conducted an operation of salmon restoration.
Several marked hiking trails allow visitors to discover lush greenery and a fitness trail, games for children and adolescents on the stage.
The municipality has a municipal post office, school. It is well endowed with craft shops, services and accommodation.
Community life is rich and very active.
Agriculture remains the main activity with important breeding sheep and cattle.
Specialty of the region: Clafoutis Limousin.