Oermingen The village is located in the Canton of Sarre-Union in the north-eastern region of Alsace-Bossue.
Oermingen is the last village in the valley Eichel before it flows into the Saar to 3.5 km downstream.
The village lies on both sides of the River.
The geological foundation of the ban include communal east and south-west of the clay-limestone on the east there are alluvial terraces and loess on the foundation of the upper Muschelkalk. The south-west and north of communal ban is covered by forests Timber Meyerwiese and Heidenwal.
The river system that supplies the territory of the municipality is composed of small streams as the Tiefgraben and Malschbach, which are tributaries of the Eichel.
The name of the village Oermingen appears for the first time in the 12th century in a charter sharing between Matthew 1st Duke of Lorraine and noble about regional boundaries of areas located in the Valley Echeil.
Orchigen called in 1125, the village appears again in a treaty of 1260 under the name of orming (Doc: Archives of Vienna, Appendix VII).
But human settlement on the area is much older. Significant archaeological discoveries of the Middle Paleolithic are reported on the municipal ban from the late 19th and early 20th century (R. Forrer 1926).
In 1936 major infrastructure masonry that belonged to parts of dwellings in a large old field were unearthed at a place called Bussmauer (V. Rusch 1937).
Before and after the Second World War many discoveries related to prehistory and the High Middle Ages were made around the village.
The archaeological surveys and chance discoveries of the past 30 years have identified a high density of sites with the chronology of occupations ranging from Mesolithic to the early history and antiquity to the medieval period (E. Thomann, P. Nüsslein 2000 ).