In 1798, the small Republic of Mulhouse, independent and ally of the Swiss cantons, exchange regime to link its destiny to that of his great French neighbor. In recent years, the small city will become an important industrial center.
The Mulhouse diplomacy particular is cited as a model for his dexterity, allowing it to negotiate with the Habsburgs while emphasizing its relations with the Swiss Protestant cantons. To ensure safety, the Republic was able to ally with the cities of the Decapolis before finding better support with the Swiss cantons well organized and above all with impressive military assets. This expertise will take later, a different direction.
The Mulhouse enclave model in the young French Republic, Mulhouse must find ways to export its production, these rich printed fabrics to the delight of many European capitals. The bourgeois Mulhouse, from a few large families, steeped in Calvinism of Freemasonry, of Saint-Simon but also liberalism will be tireless entrepreneurs multiplying the useful initiatives to economic dynamism. Their descendants will find themselves at the head of industry groups to international fame as DMC or SACM. These industry will adapt to necessary changes caused by the influx of workers from all over
Region but also in Germany. This population growth requires fast and effective solutions in terms of security, housing and hygiene. By the late eighteenth century, the first social measures appear Mulhouse, at a time when the elites do not show inspired by misery. This is not no paradise, but Mulhouse reputation then made around the world. We like to evoke in worldly lounges, Mulhouse model reflecting other social economy model. All the ingredients are now in place to a true industrial explosion that occurs as early as 1812 with the arrival of steam engines in spinning and weaving. Other valuable inventions appear in 1821 with the power loom, and in 1845 with the mechanical comber. The city has already overwhelmed the walls of the old small Republic, dozens of industrial buildings spring up on the meadows bordering the city.
"French Manchester" Some take gigantic dimensions, requiring their supplies by railroads and canals. The nicknames "French Manchester" or "City of a hundred chimneys" are not usurped. Close mills appears a new city with streets perfectly straight, in which the worker can cultivate his vegetable garden on the way from the factory. Mulhouse thus gained more than 1,200 homes spread over 60 hectares to accommodate the labor required to operate its factories. It also needs frameworks and form in his own art schools, weaving, trade and chemistry. However, if the combined industrialists, philanthropists and workers leads to a fantastic industrial success, it will inevitably produce large social difficulties. Soon, two classes will be face to face with different interests to defend. This exceptional past Mulhouse preserved a rich heritage. In addition to its brownfields some of which have been subtly rehabilitated, the city has museums that are all hymns to engineers and engineering know-how of the workers.
To date, Mulhouse has adopted a system of bicycles: 240 bikes spread over 40 stations are available for rent through the service "VéloCité." Bikes are accessible 24 24 daily including Sundays and public holidays. Next to the rental system self service Mulhouse also has a classic bicycle rental service called Locacycles. At the station, Locacycles association will keep bikes for people visiting Mulhouse train or using the handset bike + train.
The tram-train Mulhouse Thur Valley is a line jointly operated by Soléa and SNCF, connecting Mulhouse Thann. The commissioning took place on 12 December 2010, together with the opening of the tram line 3 of Mulhouse, from which it borrows the paths of Central Gare de Lutterbach Mulhouse the station. Then, it uses the ways of Lutterbach Kruth line to the Thann-Saint-Jacques station. Mulhouse Alsace Agglomeration is the owner for the urban section and Réseau Ferré de France for the rest of the line. For financial reasons, the line is carried out in two phases, the first being already achieved, and then connect the Kruth station once the second phase is completed. This is the second tram-train interconnected on French territory after the German Saarbahn circulating in Sarreguemines, and the first fully interconnected French tram-train.