The geographical location of Montpon-Ménestérol actually a privileged city. Indeed, you are close to the forest of the Double, which, with its lush landscapes and ponds you will discover nature while indulging in hiking. Tranquil river Isle offers many ideal places for fishing.
You are in the land of gastronomy: the "greedy" and "foodies" will go from producers to feast on foie gras, confit, magret. And why not come fall, from looking tasty porcini.
The vineyards of Bergerac and the prestigious Saint-Emilion appellation are nearby. With the A89, discover Bordeaux and the Atlantic coast in 1 hour drive. City Montpon-Ménestérol is also the sweetness of life in the countryside, the quiet.
With an area of 4,634 ha, the common Montpon-Ménestérol has approximately 5,600 inhabitants. It is the largest in the township. Consists of 8 municipalities belonging to the district of Périgueux, it is located at the border of the department of Gironde and spreads over an area of 22,495 hectares for a population of almost 10,000 inhabitants.
The relief of the territory Montpon-Ménestérol is largely marked by its hydrography. It was during the Quaternary was born Isle descending the Massif Central and widened its valley since.
The center of Montpon and Menestrol located along the river are relatively flat. Then away from the river north and south, one enters a hilly area delineating watersheds Isle. The relief is locally greater, from very low altitudes at altitudes exceeding 100 m as is the case south of the town. Although located in the Périgord Blanc, the territory has not Montponnais las fundamental geological features namely a Cretaceous limestone soil. It belongs more to the landscape of the Double northern town and Landais to the south.
The geology is characterized by large tracts of Tertiary deposits, waste alteration of the Massif Central (soft limestone). The clays in these soils, as well as low gradients allowed since the Middle Ages, the creation of many ponds still very present. The soils are relatively poor, agriculture is predominant and the forest has been widely develop (oak, chestnut).
Ménestérol was once an independent municipality, meeting in Montignac. The three municipalities were merged in 1964 to form one single: Montpon-Ménestérol-Montignac.
The name of the town is noted in the 12th century in two romanized forms first in "Castrum" (castle) of Montpao in 1170. The Anglicized form of Montpont appears in the 19th century, then Montpon-sur-Isle, Montpont became Montpon not to be confused with a city in Saône-et-Loire.
Montpon may result from the combination of Occitan "mountain" came from the Latin "mons" and pau, Peacock "Peacock" from Latin pavo, pavonis.
Ménestérol was once an independent municipality, meeting in Montignac. The name appears at the end of the 11th century: "Monesteirol" then "Monestayrol".
The name comes from the Latin down "monasteriolum" (small monastery). Ménestérol belongs to a series of place names formed from the name of a religious building.
The name of Montignac is attested in the 13th century and represents a name of Gallo-Roman person.
Since the construction of the fortified town of Montpon, the boundaries between the parishes of Montpon and St Martial d'Artenset were formed by the stream of Chavat which served fluke particularly difficult to overcome. Currently, the stream runs through the center of the town of Montpon. There were two chapels Montpon located in the town. They were acquired by the government during the revolutionary period, then demolished for the opening of the "new cross" which was built in the early 1800s. The main chapel was to be that of the noble house built by Alain d'Albret in the early 14th century that was called Castle Montpon. This chapel was to find the place of the 3 Brothers Laplagne. The other chapel of St Roch was to be found in the entrance of Montpon coming from Bordeaux in the neighborhood that still bears the name of the saint in the vicinity of the current post.
The entrance to the town of Montpon the door of Libourne in 1827 was in the present town of Montpon crossing the "road of the Isle" which, on the left bank down to the Isle, and on the right the path that ran along the walls of the city and now goes to the church to join the road to Ste Foy passing behind the town hall. This path must be the primary path to Périgueux Bordeaux before the opening of Highway 89. He skirted the town of Montpon. After crossing the road to Ste Foy coming out of the fortified town by the door of the same name further north to spend in what even the ancient settlement of Sérailler. In 1827 the dilapidated city walls were still standing, the church not yet built, it will be in 1834.
In 1889, the centenary of the French Republic is marked Montpon by erecting a bust of the Republic. This bust cast placed on his column is place Gambetta.
The Charterhouse of Vauclaire was founded in the 14th century. The English Catholics disputing the empire of the world, the factions of the aristocracy in 1614, the rebels of democracy in 1795, all the monks were ruthless. They hunted and massacred each other. In times of devastation succeeded periods of splendor. It was in front of the abbey a tray for personal use so that the Carthusians can visit their land. The son of Bruno ransomed Abbey Vauclaire in 1858, taking the tradition of the place. In the early 20th century, the Carthusians had begun the construction of a concrete bridge to replace the ferry; they do not have time to finish before being hunted. In 1905, a sectarian government expel the Carthusians of their abbey, they will be banned, their property will be sold. During the 14-18 war, chartreuse Vauclaire be organized in hospital by the U.S. Army. Later, it will be enlarged and transformed into a psychiatric hospital.
The castle of Puy-Chalus stood on a steep hill and clear. Many pottery and coins have been found in the ruins there 100 years. Several medals with the effigy of the Emperor Probus, registered at the Academy of Bordeaux, did admit that the oppidum Puy-Chalus was built under the Emperor (a small Gallo-Roman lamp was found in 1891 at Puy-Chalus Mr. Barbancey then mayor of Montpon). Heights where he stood, he watched, besides the hallway near the Isle, a huge tangle of hills that border region was because of the British occupation, the most contested. The castle was sacked by the English late fourteenth. There is nothing left now Roman "oppidum" became feudal fortress.
Suzanne Henriette Foix Candalle well known personality Montpon have founded a hospital to 1688 would have been around the Town Hall. She held the title of Dame Montpon and remained at the head of the lordship of Montpon 1671 to his death in 1706. She was born at the Château de Gurson in 1618 and died in his castle Montpon. The city virtually nothing is known of his castle, known only by tradition, supported by a few stone ruins, the castle was located Montpon to the current city center, on the left side of the 89 national, near bridge under which passes the rill Chavat, near the river. Modern houses, built on a portion of its location based on these ancient foundations very recognizable. There are track and direction of underground become clogged, along the direction of the creek under the road from the main road upstream and downstream probably communicating with the River Isle.
Until 1801, the town of Montpon was a section of the parish of Menestrol. When it was erected in town, the Municipal Council concern in 1820 to provide the community of a new church and rectory; the construction of the church dedicated to Our Lady of the Assumption will take place from 1833 to 1836. In 1848 the nave provided a steeple was extended to the west chapel. After 1912, used woodwork will be replaced by windows. It has an organ built in 1840 by an unknown factor.
The church is dedicated to St Menestrol Pierre-Es-links. Parish including Montpon under the old regime, attached to Montpon locality erected in common with the revolution, separate Montpon established and common full-fledged in 1864, attached to Montpon of 1964 again. Protected as a historic monument since 1926. This church has an organ built in 1978 in a North-German aesthetic.
The Church of Montignac, built in 1554, fell into disrepair and was rebuilt by Abbot Gouzot in 1857. Next to the church stands a mysterious conical mounds, oral tradition refers to it as "the tomb of Waïffre" (Duke of Aquitaine who fought against Pepin to keep Aquitaine in the 8th century. L location mark the place where the Duke died).
Sources: Montpon-Ménestérol Perigord by Marc Chassaing / Churches of Ribéracois by Jean Secret / dictionary of place names of Perigord by Tane Chantal and Christian Hordé / La Chartreuse de Vauclaire by Abbot Gouzot.
Montpon-Ménestérol, capital of the Aquitaine Organ ...
The Country Montpon-Ménestérol include a modest rural churches organistic an undeniable richness heritage. It consists of 10 instruments and musical heritage value is the result of a recent recognition, mainly due to the passion of Francis Rosary, international concert, from Montpon. You can discover the magic of these musical instruments during free guided tours in July and August by the Association of Spiritual Concerts in partnership with the Office of Tourism. This musical journey led by enthusiasts will delight in the diversity and richness of the songs played.
The organ of Notre-Dame de l'Assomption Montpon: it is placed in the stand at the back of the nave, Neo buffet middle of the nineteenth century, decorated in the baroque style in 1980.
The organ in the church of Saint-Pierre-es-links Menestrol: it was built in 1978, in a North-German aesthetic. The buffet is 19th polychrome, gilt enhanced and restored in 1978.
Auditorium San Francisco, owned by Francis Rosary, famous organist auditorium has 3 magnificent organs: the first 17th century, the second is a Spanish 18th century organ and the third was built in 1978 but the buffet dates from the early 18th century Mallorcan style.
For more information, contact Mr. Jacques Fonmarty at +33 5 53 80 31 07.
The forest of the Double:
The Double is a "country" the borders of Périgord, the Augoumois, Saintonge and Bordeaux. The origin of its name, Sylvia Edobola, Salutes Dobla, the Double is still mysterious and adds to the attractiveness of a still wilderness, sparsely populated and poorly understood.
This country has never been an administrative unit: once shared between several provinces, it now covers the departments of Dordogne, Charente-Maritime and Gironde. Vast forest area of over 50,000 hectares, its geographical position in a temperate zone wide open to the oceanic influence, gives it an atmosphere without excess, mild and humid.
However, its main feature is geological. Its soil sand and tertiary clays similar to the Sologne. Often the clay layers forming species concave lenses where the water can not flow easily: these are the mouillères traps for carts of yesteryear and today's tractors. In places where the concentration of iron oxides is high, the soil takes a more or less reddish color. It even happens that these oxides form a kind of cement agglomerate sands siderolithic sandstone more or less brittle.
This floor gives originality landscapes, vegetation, which affects crops, which marked the former habitat, a word that differentiates the Double in other parts of the Southwest and that is its charm .
The Double is a gently undulating plateau that extends substantially between the valleys of the Dronne and the Isle but goes far beyond their outer edges: Saintonge and Gironde Double west, south Landais. This plateau is a series of low-lying hills, separated by small valleys called nauves. This is where will accumulate alluvium from the surrounding hills and decaying vegetation. These marshy soils, waterlogged in the rainy season, have long been known as the home of fevers tells Eugène Leroy in The Enemy of death. Pestilential miasma, as it was called, did not appear, however, that late with the destruction of the forest. Often Nauve is barred by a dike holding pond. Small ponds for fishing and the Grand Etang landscaped Jemaye are an important aquatic environment with its flora and fauna that are specific to fascinate the visitor venturing along the hiking trails that crisscross the country.
The forest covers most of the territory ever since. Tall forests of hardwoods have disappeared in the seventeenth, eighteenth centuries. They have been replaced by various coppice charms, Pyrenean oak, alder, chestnut. Sometimes trees are lacking and moorland gorse and heather called heather, occupies the space. For over a century, most of the forest is doomed doublaude maritime pine. Operation provides significant income to the inhabitants of this country.
The Glades mitent more or less vast forest areas. These are the first signs of clearing and development of the Double. Works of religious communities in the Middle Ages, they multiply with the intensive exploitation of the forest following the end of the religious wars, so much so that the forest disappears giving way to vast uncultivated areas. In the middle of the 19th century, the public authorities in émeuvent and then call a community of Trappist monks who settled in Echourgnac to revive unhappy country fevers. The opening of agricultural roads, draining swamps, pine reforestation, creation of agricultural Comice Echourgnac in 1864, allow progress to transform this country as so aptly demonstrated Corinne Marash in his doctoral thesis History, The metamorphosis of the world. The example of Double en Périgord (1830-1939). Fields polyculture then occupy clearings and surrounding villages, hamlets and isolated farms. Today, these open spaces are mainly devoted to cattle, sheep and poultry. This is also the traditional constructions of wood and mud with high roofs of flat tiles using local materials found. They are the charm of Double. Those of Saint-André Double, Saint-Jean d'Ataux, are grouped around a small church walls ironstone changing colors depending on the moisture of the day.
The forest cover and low human population allow walkers to meet wild boars, deer, deer and deer. They are not rare there and make this area a prime field by hunters.
Far from the urban bustle and places of passages that are surrounding valleys, the city will find here the peace and serenity of a peaceful campaign.
The Isle River, a preserved natural heritage ...
The Isle River has its source in Haute-Vienne Nexon and crosses the Dordogne 90 km and then jump into the river Dordogne at Libourne.
L'Isle is characterized by large limestone valleys downstream of Périgueux is also following this natural axis that forms one of the four Perigord Perigord Blanc, which extends Montpon Tourtoirac.
The use of the Isle as a transportation time of the Roman Empire. Lift up Perigueux was an important trade route between the Atlantic and the central Périgord. Many improvements have been made to facilitate navigation on the Isle in the mid-19th century including the creation of dams, construction of locks and towpaths. But the development of the railway and later the development of road transport has led to the gradual decline of river transportation. The last barge the "Roger Madeleine" ceased operations in 1957, the Isle River is then removed from the nomenclature of waterways.
Recognizing the potential of the river, twenty villages came together for several years with the aim to restore, maintain and develop the river. The Syndicat Mixte Interdepartmental Valley Isle pursues the same objective: the value of the river and ultimately the restoration airworthiness of the entire river.
This beautiful and tranquil river Isle offers with the Double forest, numerous activities: fishing, canoeing, a leisurely pedal boat or electric or just a walk along the water ...
Open all year round free admission and free. Circuit BMX. Electric boats, boats and pedal boats: July and August daily from 10am to 20pm.
Mini-golf: July and August every day from 10h to 19h. Contact Summer: +33 6 32 03 96 11.
Possibility to rent a canoe, bike, rosalie, zorbing ... from April to October every weekday from 8h to 20h at the nautical base of Chandos.
Discovery Tour artisans, artists, producers: some Tuesdays in July and August.
Discovery of the organs of the city: some Thursdays summer.
ATTRACTIONS, LEISURES AND ACTIVITES AROUND
Walks Guided Barge Saint-Martial-d'Artenset: July-August: departures every day except Mondays by appointment. May, June, September, Sundays and holidays. Various activities for children are offered at the mill Duellas.
Farm Parcot Echourgnac: Example of architecture doublaude (timbered cob), many events throughout the year: July and August: open house or tours every day except Monday. May, June and September: Saturdays and Sundays.
Abbey of Our Lady of Good Hope Echourgnac: Film presentation of the life of the sisters, sales of monastic products.
A guide to hiking trails is available at the Tourist Office (surcharge).