Sub-prefecture of southern Aveyron in the heart of Regional Natural Park of Grands Causses. Its territory is developed on the plateau right bank of Red Tarn, on the opposite shore on the plateau of Larzac; right bank of the Black Dourbie on the mesa.
During the first centuries of Roman occupation Condatomag (market confluence) was an important commercial center with the famous Samian pottery of Graufesenque. The industry faces competition dwindled in the late 2nd century.
In the 5th century the city gradually moved to the right bank of the Tarn and become Amiliavum then Millau.
In the 18th century, the industry of the skin gradually replaces the old cloth industry.
The 19th century will be the growth industry of the glove in the 20th century 12,000 people live in the glove industry and the tannery, and this activity is strongly represented today.
Currently Millau and its surrounding region has many assets, saw its tourism take a big part in the economy of this sector.