Melun installed in a bend of the Seine, is since 1800, city prefecture of the department of Seine-et-Marne. Located fifty kilometers southeast of Paris, it now has more than 40,000 inhabitants within the metropolitan Melun-Val-de-Seine (over 100,000 inhabitants).
It has hosted many illustrious figures like Peter Abelard, Etienne Chevalier, Jacques Amyot, Louis Pasteur, Paul Cézanne, marking the artistic, cultural and economic life of the entire region.
Melun is mentioned for the first time in 52 BC The Roman conquest brought the city in history under the name of Metlosedum, "the seat of the reaper."
In the 10th century, with the advent of the Capetians, Melun gets the royal favor: a royal castle is developed at the tip of the island, the court regularly stays in the city, the Notre Dame was founded by King Robert the Pious ... Melun supplied the capital flour, processed on site and transported by the Seine.
Renaissance contribute to the architectural development of the city. The civil and religious heritage is embellished, evidenced St. Aspais church, a masterpiece of late Gothic.
This period also marked the phasing out of the castle by the kings of France who prefer the field of Fontainebleau. In the 18th century, the former fortifications were gradually dismantled to make way for boulevards. Important barracks testify until the 19th century a related to the strategic position of the city compared to Paris military presence.
In the 19th century, Melun industrializing. The railway arrived in 1849 and offers a new breath of urbanization. The city is experiencing a real development through industrialization oriented pharmacy (Cooper and Vernin laboratories) and food (Brasserie Gruber).
In 1945, the School Officers of the National Gendarmerie (EOGN - 4th Military School France) moved to Melun, continuing military presence in the city.
Melun is now a university town hosting a nursing school, and the IUFMs Faculty of Law and Economics.
Currency Melun "True to its walls to eat rats" speaks volumes about the loyalty and courage of Melunais through the centuries.
The city now offers a green heart at the door of the famous forest of Fontainebleau, with walks along the banks and a river port. Human-sized city just thirty minutes from Paris, Melun is embellished with lively shopping streets and a market rich in quality regional products including Brie Melun (Protected Designation of Origin).