Gouzon: Gosum, Gosonnium, Gosom, Gozonium, Gouson, and finally Goson Gouzon since 1561.
Before the Roman conquest, the country's dependence on Walk Lemovices. Later, she expands the country Combrailles. Gouzon then formed with a surrounding enclave in Bourbonnais Combraille.
The first known lord of the barony of Gouzon is Goson of Alard.
In 1279, Guy de Gouzon gave rise to bills of franchises that were confirmed November 16, 1337 by Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon, Count of Clermont and the March.
According to the charter franchise, are reported GOUZON "frank good man, free from Guetz, Harbans and chores.