Chauny is situated on the river Oise, in a fertile valley that some authors call "The Golden Valley".
This city is heir to a prestigious past. Presumably the city arose after the destruction of the Roman city of Condren and invasions of the Vandals and Huns in 407 and 451.
Chauny does not always carried the same name, Latin writers call Calniacum to become later in the charters of Kings Calny, Causni, Caunes and finally Chauny.
Over the centuries, Chauny was often invaded.
In Gargantua Rabelais described it as a city full of zest and verve. Chauny has retained its reputation as successful and dynamic city.
Located in the heart of a vibrant industrial area, its economic development starts in the late 18th century ice warehouse built in Saint-Gobain.
Since 1822, its mission is affirmed through the manufacture of soda.
In 1835, the famous physicist and chemist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, who now runs the local laboratory, shows that chlorine is an element and isolated cyanogen.
In 1917, the city is completely destroyed with dynamite by the Germans and will be gradually rebuilt until 1930.
The legend of monkeys Chauny:
- Caption 1: The municipality of Chauny wanting, say, swans populate the waters around this small town, made the request to the city of Paris. Whoever was responsible for writing, either inadvertently or through ignorance, put "cynges" instead of "cyngnes. However, as previously spelling the word monkey with a "c" and "y" (cynge), Parisians Chauny sent to a collection of man-monkeys. Hence the saying was born monkeys Chauny. If non e vero, bene trovato.
- Legend 2: It is much more likely that the nickname comes from the fact that the musketeers of Chauny bore the figure of a monkey on their banner.
- Legend 3: Mr. Boileau Maulaville think this nickname comes from the taste that people had Chauny of the Middle Ages to the public games, the tricks and antics. But it is especially Rabelais writes, in "Gargantua" in Chapter 24, a paragraph on Chauny. He reported the activity of Gargantua and his schedule when the air was wet: "Would see batteleurs, trajectaires (jugglers), thiéracleurs (quacks), and considered their actions, their cunning, their soubressauts (capers ) and good talk, especially those in Chauny in Picardy, because they are such large and beautiful waxwings donor nonsense in green monkeys (chimeric animals). Thus, the monkeys remained the symbol of the city and they are found on the shields.