At the heart of Black Perigord, clinging to one of the most beautiful cliffs of the Dordogne valley, the medieval village of Beynac-et-Cazenac, scored one of the Most Beautiful Villages of France, offers a page of history.
The origins of Beynac, contrary to appearances, are not medieval but older. It is in effect from 2 000 BC. JC that the people of the Bronze Age chose this site for settlement. Remains have also been found near the Archaeological Park. The Gauls have also served to control the trade in wine from Italy.
The castle, doubtless intended to monitor the Dordogne, must have existed in the 9th century, when northern populations upriver and spreading terror.
Simon de Montfort captured the castle in the early 13th century but Beynac reclaim their property through the intervention of Philip Augustus in 1217. The castle remains a family property until 1761, when the marriage of Marie-Claude de Beynac with Christophe de Beaumont. One of the descendants sold it in 1961.
At the time of the Hundred Years War, the fortress of Beynac was one of the French fortresses. The Dordogne then served as border between France and England, not far from the other side of the Dordogne, the Castle Castelnaud was in British hands.
The castle has often served as a framework for shooting films: La Fille de d'Artagnan by Bertrand Tavernier in 1994, 2nd Les Visiteurs (The Corridors of Time) by Jean-Marie Poire in 1997, and Jeanne d'Arc by Luc Besson 1999.
On August 15, 1827, the village Cazenac, located 5 km, is attached to Beynac prefectural decision ratified by a royal ordinance.
On the outskirts of the fortress, the village grew around an enclosure partitioned by several fortified gates. Several areas appear: the barri Cafourque, barri del Soucy (district weavers) or Port. It remains active until the 19th s and was a major stop for gabariers coming down the river to Bordeaux for transporting various goods (staves, cereal?). In addition to trade, fisheries and agriculture, the cultivation of hemp and the building industry (working stone and wood) are flourishing of the Revolution until the mid 19th century
The shopping tour will take you from the castle - which is one of the finest examples of medieval architecture - the old port until the narrow streets of cobblestone lined with houses facades typical blonde wearing d 'imposing tiled roofs.
Everything is then ready for a gourmet stopover or a walk along the Dordogne scow.