Town Internet @@@@@
City flower **
Sports City *
Child Friendly City, Unicef
- His history :
- Created in the 70s, in order to contribute to rebalancing east Parisian regional development, the new town of Marne-la-Vallée has many means of communication: the A4 motorway and A104, the RN36, the RER A and the international train station of Chessy. The Roissy Charles de Gaulle is located 30 minutes by motorway.
- Its institutional structure is very fragmented (4 areas of development, 3 intercommunal, 26 municipalities, two public planning) and its territorial inhomogeneous development. Thus the two main urban centers (Noisy-le-Grand and the Val d'Europe) are located at both ends of the territory.
- In the mid-80s, the company Walt Disney Company seeks to develop its activities in the world, especially in Europe, putting into practice a new property development concept related to amusement parks. Beyond an image strategy, it is to benefit from more land value generated by the presence of the park and the associated lifestyle. In this perspective, the Marne-la-Vallée site, divided into four sectors, presented the advantages of the close of the Paris market pole and land availability. This is the heart of Sector IV of Marne-la-Vallée Disney that took root in the same time as was the Agglomeration New Union (SAN) Portes de la Brie, to be called in 2001 SAN Val Europe.
- In this context, the city of Bailly-Romainvilliers has experienced rapid urban population growth, from 371 people in 1 975 to 609 in 1990, 3,395 in 1999, 5,421 in 2006 and 5,690 in 2010, 6,555 to 1 January 2013 (according to INSEE). This population is mainly characterized by its youth and dynamism: 80% of the population is in fact less than 40 years, and nearly one in five residents is enrolled in kindergarten or primary school. In this development, the town is constantly adapting by offering new services and facilities to the public in an evolutionary manner, allowing to always meet the needs of its population.
- However, despite its evolution, Bailly-Romainvilliers has kept its "soul" of the village. His attachment to its past and its heritage are major elements of this phenomenon, with the existence of the Hamlet of Bailly.
- In the Middle Ages, Bailly was the village with a church, farms and a castle. Romainvilliers, whose name comes from the Latin Romanus (Roman) and the Latin villa (the field), was a hamlet in the middle of the field.
- In the twelfth century was a priory which depended on the Champagne County. It was located in the center of a parish territory covered with wood, causing the hamlet of Bailly.
- Current research, conducted by INRAP, enabled the discovery of a primitive cemetery in which were identified forty graves grouped around the tomb to the bell. This cemetery defines a community facility, a hospice.
- From 1172 texts cite the stately home of Bailly. The transformation of this building into fortified manor held in 1250.
- In the thirteenth century to 1280, the monks of the Abbey of Saint Germain des Pres Bailly transfer to the seat of the parish of Romainvilliers. The priory is located next to the church. Another priory was founded at a place called Les Petites Hermières.
- Bailly preserves the remains of an ancient castle built in the fourteenth century, capital of a fairly large manor that extended to Serris.
- The lordship of Bailly in 1575 belongs to Pileur Thomas, Lord of Serris and Magny-le-Hongre. At his death in 1641, his son Hardouin Foucher (whose tombstone is preserved in the Church of Bailly), married to Valentine Pileur, inherited Bailly. Claude Barre, a lawyer in the Court of Parliament, is lord of Bailly to 1667. He sells the manor to Mary Nicole Guillebon, wife of Jean Jourdan, secretary of the king. The son of the latter, Admiral François Morin de Tourville inherit the earth (1642-1701) and resells it to Gilbert Antoine Ligier de La Prade, esquire of the king. The last Lord of Bailly is the Marquis Louis Paul La Motte Ango de Flers, whose property will be sold as national property during the Revolution.
- The former castle of the lords of Bailly, built on a median rectangular, surrounded by moats and accessible by a bridge was destroyed. Only a few traces remain (moat, dungeon, ancient walls...), the Dungeon of the farm, the farm houses of Valois and the hamlet located in the current street Poncelet.
- Until 1864 the seat of the county was Bailly where the church were, the castle and large farms.
- Became simple agricultural village, Romainvilliers retains a devotional chapel (Notre Dame). This modified chapel later became a farm called Saint-Blandin, whose barn houses in the early nineteenth century the remains of a chapel of the same name. According to a general plan of 1883 there were also near the Champs Farm.
- In the early twentieth century a road was built connecting Paris and Coulommiers through Romainvilliers. With this new communication channel, the hamlet of Romainvilliers developed. City Hall was built there which also served as a school, a large square and shops settled. Romainvilliers then became the capital of the municipality and a hamlet Bailly.
- Now the hamlet of Bailly consists essentially of two traditional farms, de Valois and the Dungeon, as well as the church, the last vestige of the old priory.
- In the early twentieth century a road through Romainvilliers between Coulommiers is built in Paris. With this new communication channel, the hamlet of Romainvilliers develops. there were built City Hall, which also serves as a school and a great place. Shops settled. Romainvilliers became the capital of the commune, and Bailly, the hamlet.