The town of Aix, in a valley, is surrounded on all sides by forested mountains that rise up to 1113 meters south in wood de Guerin.
In the 10th century the monks of Sauxillanges founded a priory in Aix.
Aix is the birthplace of the great family of La Fayette. Pons Motier, knight, lord of La Fayette, participated in the Seventh Crusade. Jacques Roch Motier Champetières of which became well maquis de La Fayette is childless, his brother succeeded him, he is the father of Gilbert de La Fayette Motier who became famous in the Revolutionary War and during the revolution.
The 18th century: the 17th century the forests were actively exploited. Women spun hemp or wool. On August 2, 1794 the Château de La Fayette was sold as national property.